Carduelis chlorisGreenfinch

These colourful birds are regular visitors to the bird table.  Indeed, they have thrived by close association with man – enjoying rich sources of food in gardens and on farms.  Greenfinches live in sociable groups so you will often see a whole flock of them swooping noisily down onto feeders or berry-laden shrubs.

 Description: Greenfinches are mainly olive-green with a yellow wing-bar and tail-sides which flash as they spread their wings.   They have a heavy, pale, finch-shaped bill and are about the same size as a house sparrow (6 in / 15 cm).  The female and young birds are duller than the male.  The greenfinch’s song mixes trills, chattering and song into a twittering medley.  They have a distinctive fast, up-and-down bounding flight.

 Nesting and breeding: There are usually two broods each year between April and August. Both sexes build an untidy nest of grass, twigs, moss and roots in dense shrubs or trees.  The female lays 4-6 blueish-white eggs, marked with brown speckles and streaks.  Eggs are incubated by the female for about 13 days, and the young are then fed by both parents for 13-16 days. 

Where to see them

  • Greenfinches are widespread throughout lowland Britain, wherever there is open woodland, hedgerows, gardens and parks
  • They are present all-year-round and are particularly visible in winter
  • The more northern birds will move south in winter.
  • What they eat

  • In the wild, greenfinches eat a wide variety of seeds, wild fruits and berries  
  • They enthusiastically visit bird tables and hanging feeders for seed mixes, sunflower seeds and peanuts
  •  Recommended Farbrook Farm foods: Premium Wild Bird Food, Sunflower Hearts, Peanuts.
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